“I cannot teach you violence, as I do not myself believe in it. I can only teach you to bow your hands before any one even at the cost of your life.” As said by the promoter of Ahimsa, Mahatma Gandhi. He is Known as Father of Nation; played a key role in winning freedom from India; introduced the concept of Ahimsa and Satyagraha. Mahatma Gandhi`s main contribution lay in the fact that he bridged the gulf between the intelligentsia and the masses and widened the concept of Swaraj to include almost every aspect of social and moral regeneration. Paying tribute to Mahatma Gandhi on his death, famous scientist Albert Einstein said, “Generations to come will scarce believe that such a man as this walked the earth in flesh and blood”.
Early Life of Mahatma Gandhi
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October,1869, Porbandar, India in a Hindu family. From child hood he has shown all his great qualities, which came from his mother. At the age of 13, he married to Kasturi ba and had four sons. He had done his degree in Law from the University of London. But in India he couldn`t manage law practice. And went to South Africa with a year contract job offer from Dada Abdullah and Co.
Mahatma Gandhi in South Africa
During Mohandas KaramChand Gandhi`s one year of job in South Africa, he had not only came to know about the racism but also been treated badly .Indians were discriminated from the citizenship of South Africa . Gandhi fought for equal justice and founded an Organization as Natal Indian Congress. There first he used Satyagraha and Non-violence as his ultimate weapon. At last after punishments and imprisonments peacefully Gandhi made South African Government to compromise.
Mahatma Gandhi in Indian Freedom Struggle
After returning from South Africa, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi settled in Ahmadabad near sabarmati river. Gandhiji took active participation in the activities of Indian National Congress and launched Non co-operation movements and Civil Disobedience campaigns against the British . Gandhiji made busy himself in reforming villages because according to him real India lives in its villages. He also introduced Khadi, which generatesemployment and gave identity to Indian craft. He fought for Dalits, Non- touchability, Hindu-Muslim Unity. He gave new name as Hari-jan( people of God) to Dalits. He started the historic Dandi march against the tax imposed on salt. With love and affections from all over the country, he was known as `Bapu` and `Mahatma`.
Mahatma Gandhi and Indian Independence
After the Second World War Indian leaders and British sit for discussion about India`s freedom and future. But Congress and Muslims were never united, Gandhiji opposed this proposal of England but Congress broke from Gandhiji and supports the proposal. Mahatma Gandhi has a major role in bringing freedom for India, but he did not seem much happy with independent India, because it divided the Hindu-Muslim Unity and the Country, as Hindustan and Pakistan.In January 1948 he was shot down by a young Hindu fanatic, Nathuram Godhse.
Mahatma Gandhi`s principles believe in Truth and Non-violence as the key points to lead a Moral and peaceful life. Gandhiji always believes in simple living and high thinking. For him service to mankind is service to God. His entire thinking one can feel in his writings, especially in his auto biography, “My Experiments with Truth”. He had written so many books and articles mainly in Gujatrati language. As a common man, Gandhiji believes in all religions.
In 1996, the Government of India introduced the Mahatma Gandhi series of currency notes in rupees 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 denomination. Today, all the currency notes in circulation in India contain a portrait of Mahatma Gandhi. In the United Kingdom, there are several prominent statues of Gandhi, most notably in Tavistock Square, London near University College London where he studied law. January 30 is commemorated in the United Kingdom as the “National Gandhi Remembrance Day.” There are wax statues of Gandhi at the Madame Tussaud`s wax museums in London, New York, and other cities around the world.